Rock music appeared in Romania under this name at the beginning of the 60’s. One of the most important subjects to discuss is the 1989 Romanian Revolution, which opened the way from communism to democracy. Rock music represented a cultural currentagainst the official politics, and even if it was very popular, its evolution was strongly influenced by the values promoted by the democratic system.
At the end of 1970's, the Romanian rock music faced a crisis caused by the major differences among the bands, the international music context, and the higher and higher pressure of the political regime. Thus, the discrepancies made the bands to find refuge and, unfortunately, we can still feel the effects today. The metal style was a bit tackled in the 1980's and after the 1989 revolution, musicians tried to catch up with the international music world. Punk rock music was poor/little represented in the Socialist Romania, this music genre has never had a real success in our country. In the 1990's and 2000's many rock subgenres appeared, especially in West Europe, there being few mixes between Romanian traditional music and rock.
Rock music, which rapidly conquered the public during the 1960's, in the Communist Romania, was a rather controversial topic, mainly because of the regime propaganda against theWestern culture. In 1971, this fear culminated with the famous July Theses. Thanks to its growing popularity, rock music was allowed to flourish in Romania, often triggering a generation gap-unlike the one between the West or the other Eastern European countries.
“Electric guitar bands” or Rock and roll didn't really gain solid ground in Romania until the early 1960's. During the 1950's, all art forms were highly influenced by proletkult. The 1950's vogue in music was latin jazz and tango. The music could hardly accept lyrics about workers on buiding sites or farms; the mixture was sometimes thought of as inventive, but it mostly resembled to a kitsch.
Little is known about the beginning of rock music in Romania; however, some of the earliest artists were members of some bands: Uranus (founded in 1961, in Timişoara), Cometele ("The Comets", 1962, Bucharest), Sfinţii ("the Saints", 1962, Timişoara), Entuziaştii ("The Enthusiasts", 1963, Bucharest).
While many names of the bands are familiar, we shall underline the fact that their activity is not well known because of the few discographical materials. a few records from that time still exist. The most valuable treasure of that music is part of the Romanian Radio Sound Archives (it is hard to believe that there are still personal records from those times).
Such early bands survived for only a couple of years, but the musicians carried on playing in other bands, soon to become famous. Therock trend started in Romania with The Young Ones (1961), influenced by the famous film star singer Cliff Richard.

Rock music was seldom called by this name in Romania (and in other Eastern European countries); however, the term beat was sometimes used instead. However, rock bands were much more often referred to as "electric guitar bands". The use of alternative names in the 1960's does not mean that the term "rock" was banned or avoided, but shows that there was a different perspective on the whole phenomenon.
We also have to mention the fact that rock music has been represented at two levels: the official one (on television, recording studios, in any formal area, where there were too many restrictions – the limited stage movements, the hiding of hair with clisps or sometimes the singers were forced to cut it, avoiding extravagant suits) and the underground music world ( in clubs and pubs, in concerts, in private environments, where the official political system was abandoned, even laughed at.
The band Pheonix was founded in 1961 and they had their first appearance one year later. The first years were more of a phase of experiencing the new musical genre (that was especially growing in the West), the practices of the British bands being initially imitated. The compositional contribution of the musicians from Phoenix is reduced, their repertory being mainly of some covers from the western bands above mentioned.
Their first original song was the song ,,I Know You Love Me Too”, recorded for the Radiobroadcast in 1964. The next year brings two other recordings (Throat pouring Wine Is Great and Forest, Forest ), which have been the first songs in the Romanian rock inspired from folklore. These two are still kept in the Radio Romania records.


Phoenix, known in the West as Transsylvania-Phoenix is a Romanian rock band, in Timisoara.
Phoenix has opened a lot of doors for the music addressed to Romania’s wide public, during the second half of the XX th century. The members of the band have tackled many rock subgenres. The band style path had begun from the beat music, evolved to psychedelic rock and then went to being true hard rock, with a few progressive rock experiments.
The band is one of the first to play rock music in Romania (together with Uranus, The Comets, and some few others), named, at that time, "bands of electric guitars”. As other groups appeared in those early years, the followed model has been the one proposed by the British band called The Shadows, who accompanied the singer Cliff Richard in the movie "Youth" (The Young Ones, 1961). The first title was "The Saints", changed then to "Phoenix", at the proposal of the guitarist Claudiu Rotaru, who meant to avoid conflicts with the authorities of that time.
Impressed by the movie ,,YOUTH” and by the hits of the band named The Shadows, the six teenagers led by Paul Enigarescu decided to dedicate their time to pop music; at that time, Cornel Fugaru’s group" Sincron" advocated the young generation. They made their debut at The House of Culture from the district ,,V.I.Lenin” with songs from: The Beatles, The Shadows and some folk transpositions, in the pop manner of the Sincron group. They played three times a week at Mon Jardin, the very well known pub in Bucharest (now Hotel Dorobanti). They made their first appearance on television in Emanuel Valeriu’s TV show and appeared, thus, in the same show with the Spanish singer Sarita Montiel. They accompanied Margareta Paslaru, and their version of the popular song called Cuore Matto becomes a hit. In 1967 Enigarescu leaves the band, as he is accepted at "Ciprian Porumbescu" Music Conservatory from Bucharest). His place is taken by Silviu Olaru (later also playing with F.F.N). The group breaks down in 1967.

In the shadow of the great bear
I am alone and I wonder
Why I left my home
Can it be the curse
That has overwhelmed us for centuries?
'Cause I've done nothing wrong
I've only suffered
I was blamed for no reason
By the people I loved
Sunset after sunset
How fast time goes by
The dawn has already gone
How coldl is the wind blowing
I've been shiveringly waiting
To come back
You've judged me, sentenced me
But who are you to do so?
'Cause our time ran out
In the shadow of the great bear
But you were left with claws on
In every hug of yours
Today, the kiss on the cheek hurts.
But give me back my life
The things I've wasted on you
Forgetting about everything, about two years of wandering
Another sweet thousand is still left.
The leaves have fallen
The storm blew them away
Where are the hopes?
There is none left.
A sudden thought, unspoken
Stuns me
What have I waited for, what have I dreamed of
Nothing has changed
Give me my life back
The things I've wasted for you
Forgetting about everything and about you
My booze friends
Out of a thousand, how many are there left?
And your time ran out too
In the shadow of the great bear
But you were left with your claws on
In every hug
Today, the kiss on the cheek hurts.

Red and Black ( Rosu si Negru )

Romanian rock group, founded in 1963 in Bucharest: Nancy Brandes ( Silviu Brandes], 1 May 1946, Bucharest), keyboards; Bela Scortaru, vocals; Anca ( Anda Calugareanu), Bucharest, 24 October 1946 – 15 August 1992), vocals.
Initiated by Nancy Brandes, the group takes its stage name from their costume’s colors (red shirts, black pants). In 1966 Brandes enters "George Enescu'' Music Consevatory, in Iasi, Department of Musicology, "Red and Black" acquires a new identity with Florin Marcovici, guitarist, Emil Trocan guitar solo, Niky Dorobantu, guitarist solo, vocals, Ovidiu Lipan also known as ”Tandarica''. Their first studio recordings take place at Radio Iasi, recording the songs: "Drawsy birds" and "Miorita". Accepted at the Conservatory in Iasi, Liviu Tudan, bass, vocal, is recruited in the band. He presents in 1969 at the Festival Club, a national premiere, "Prayers", a lyrical drama work of Tudan's.
Unfortunately the band's recordings from this decade have not been kept.
rosu si negru.jpg

Romanian pop group, gathered in 1963 in Bucharest: Marian Nistor (October 4th, 1943, Bucharest), vocals, guitar, flute, harmonic; Ionel Samoila, vocal, bass, mandolin; Nicholas Rotarescu, vocal, drums; George Mitrea, vocal, percussion, Nicholas Calagiu, keyboard.
They start as a band in 1965, with the name, "Stars 23”. Ionel Orban was also a member of the band, at keyboards. After a show sustained in 1969 on the stage of the Savoy, the group will play under the name of the room on whose stage they first played. They started touring all over the country, not only as a band, but also as background for popular singers of those times .

The band was formed in 1963, in Bucharest. Octav Zemlicka, who had the idea to start the band. was singer and guitarist Corneliu Ionescu, the guitarist, nicknamed "Bibi", would be the only member to stay with the band until they broke apart. In 1966, Sphinx were broadcast for the first time on radio, with Îmi place muzica ("I love music") and their eponymous song, Sfinx. 1968 brought Marian Toroimac, the drummer, into the band, and together with him, the young and shy Dan Andrei Aldea (both had been members of a band called Memphis). The second one left the band in 1969 for several months but returned, and he would assume control of the band and make it one of the finest rock acts in Romania.
The band played as a trio (Aldea, Ionescu, Toroimac) for several years. They used to play covers of songs by The Beatles, Jimi Hendrix, Ten Years After, The Doors, The Kinks etc. As of 1972, they recorded their first single disc, ”Şir de cocori”/Languir me fais (first title translated: "Flock of Cranes". The latter was an arrangement of a lied by George Enescu).
The band's activity declined in the late 1980's, when new members (who now change very often) started playing commercial-oriented music, as a consequence of the invitations the band received from discothèques abroad. Sphinx split into two different versions after 1989: "Bibi" Ionescu kept the original band name, while Mişu Cernea formed Sfinx Experience. While Sphinx never performed again, the second is still working today with a new line up (of which, Crina Mardare and Zoia Alecu previously played and sang in the 1985 Sfinx), except for the drummer, Mişu Cernea.


Rock group from Romania, formed in 1964 in Bucharest (members: Mugur Winklel, Radu Marinescu, Idu Barr, Adrian Paris, Edmond Norhadian). They play covers from the bands "The Beatles", "The Rolling Stones’’, "The Monkees”, ”The Who".
The group begins collaboration with the theater "Constantin Tanase". Their success is overwhelming, the rivalry with Sincron and Mondial. In the summer of 1968 the group broke up. They have not kept records, even the name of the group being prohibited in the era in the mass-media.


Romanian rock band, founded in 1966, in Bucharest. It is among the first groups in Romania that makes the transition from the music beat to more elaborate ways of rock ( psychedelic, hard rock, even progressive in a later stage).
Mondial existed until the end of the 70’s. Over the years, changes have occurred very often, so that to reconstruct the exact history of the band is an almost impossible task.
The band Mondial went through two distinct phases of creation. Success was achieved shortly after its debut. After several years of resounding success in the country, they released a number of discs abroad (1967-1971). Then there followed a period of dark age that got installed progressively between 1972 and 1979, when they diversified style to new directions, and the band structure became increasingly unstable. In the public memory there remained the most well established parts of the first period: “Romance without echo” (also known by its first verse, “Love, porcelain trinket”), “Spring”, “So young” and others.
The first songs of the band appeared in 1967, and the succes was huge.
,,Romanta fara ecou" / "Romance without echo"

,,De va veni la tine vantul" / "Should the wind come to you"

,,Primavara" / "Spring"

,,Atat de frageda" / "So frail"

,,Departe sunt de tine'' / ,,I'm away from you"



Pop-rock band formed in 1966: Mihaela Surulescu, guitar, vocal; Nicoleta Paun guitar, vocal; Elvira Iancu bas, vocal; Eugenia Tomescu.
All the members had academic studies. They debut at the Cultural House of Students from Bucharest, the group collaborates with "Constantin Tanase" theatre. After the departure of Mihaela Surulescu, in the group there come Marina Soitu and Liane Brinberg, keyboards. Venus had an amazing success, they play together with Sincron, Pheonix, Sideral, Mondial and Savoy.

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venus .jpg


Romanian band, was the first band that played rock'n roll. It was established on October 22th, 1964, it was well known, especially by the adjustments of the beat rhythms of popular songs. The leader has been Cornel Fugaru, the one who made the arrangements and composed songs.
In 1964 the band was set up near the House of the Culture of the 6th district, in Bucharest. They have participated in numerous musical tours in the country and abroad: Poland (1967-1970, 1974), Israel (1969), USSR (1972). In 1968 they participated in the Youth Festival in Sofia, where they obtained the third prize and the bronze medal - beat bands (more precisely backbeat, specific style of music rock and roll).

Synchronous members:
at the beginning, Synchronous band started in the following formula: Cornel Fugaru (lead singer, organ and piano), Alexandru (Sandu Arion (solo guitar, voice), Dan Voinescu - accompaniment (guitar, voice), Anthony Cobirzan (bass guitar), Constantin Cobirzan - melodious succession (guitar) and Ilie Mihalache (drums).

Olympic ' 64

The group has its roots in the band "The Pioneers", which was formed in 1961 with students from the High School "Mihai Viteazul", in București and Greek school students. Among the initials members there were: Dimitrie William Piki Inglessis (guitar), Lukis Viratsonis (guitar), Michael Teodorescu (piano), Antheos (demagogue), Titel Tățulescu (drums).
On 9th October they appeared for the first time on television, where the producer Ioan Niculae proposed them to change their name to '64 . In the meantime Costin Petrescu was chosen at drums (instead of Titel Tățulescu) and Dinu Rădescu on bass (instead of Antheos).